viernes, 25 de marzo de 2011

El liberalismo argentino nacido en el siglo XIX, una combinación excepcional de ideas republicanas, de libertad de pensamiento y de conciencia, y de libre mercado, desapareció con el surgimiento del fundamentalismo católico en los 30 del Siglo XX...Mientras duró en su máxima expresión, desde 1880 a 1916 esa forma de gobierno que hoy discuten los filósofos angloamericanos como una posible solución a la desintegración y al multiculturalismo fue en la Argentina, durante 26 años, una forma de gobierno realmente existente.

Extracted from THE PENGUIN HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA, [1] chapter 7:  The Quest of Order: Conservatives and Liberals in the Nineteenth Century.

[2]“For the traditionalists of the interior were reacting to the ideology emanating from the former viceregal capital, Buenos Aires, which had been the seat of the most revolutionary version of liberal republicanism in Latin America during the period of independence. Caudillos such as Juan Manuel de Rosas of the rural province of Buenos Aires, reacted against liberalism by trying to erect traditional structures on a republican base. In doing so, they contributed in their way to the political culture of the modern world, since they discovered techniques of state organization and mass movilization which foreshadowed many aspects of populisme in Latin America and elswhere. Their rule, in turn, called forth a reaction from a new generation of liberals who go on to build in Argentina the most successful for all liberal republics in Spanish America.”

[3]WILLIAMSON, Edwin, THE PENGUIN HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA. Printed in England by THE PENGUIN BOOKS PRESS, London, © Edwin Williamson 1992.

[1] “A FIRST-RATE WORK OF HISTORY”- Independent on Sunday
[2] Pages 270-271
[3] Edwin Williamson holds the Chair of Hispanic Studies in the University of Edinburg. Born in 1949, he graduated from Edinburg in 1972 and subsequently held academics posts at Trinity College, Dublin, and Birkbec College, University of London. Professor Eillamson’s research and Publications reflects his interest in both Latin America and the Golden Age of Spain. 

Photo of Professor. Williamson
Edwin Williamson holds the King Alfonso XIII Chair of Spanish at Oxford and has been a Professorial Fellow of Exeter College since 2003. He was formerly the Forbes Professor of Hispanic Studies at Edinburgh University, and has held academic posts at Trinity College, Dublin, and Birkbeck College, University of London. He has been a visiting professor at Stanford University, California, and at the Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. His research and teaching reflect his interests in both Latin America and the Golden Age of Spain. His books include The Penguin History of Latin America, and the biography, Borges: A Life, published in 2004 by Viking Penguin.