Extracted from THE PENGUIN HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA,  chapter 7: The Quest of Order: Conservatives and Liberals in the Nineteenth Century.
“For the traditionalists of the interior were reacting to the ideology emanating from the former viceregal capital, Buenos Aires, which had been the seat of the most revolutionary version of liberal republicanism in Latin America during the period of independence. Caudillos such as Juan Manuel de Rosas of the rural province of Buenos Aires, reacted against liberalism by trying to erect traditional structures on a republican base. In doing so, they contributed in their way to the political culture of the modern world, since they discovered techniques of state organization and mass movilization which foreshadowed many aspects of populisme in Latin America and elswhere. Their rule, in turn, called forth a reaction from a new generation of liberals who go on to build in Argentina the most successful for all liberal republics in Spanish America.”
WILLIAMSON, Edwin, THE PENGUIN HISTORY OF LATIN AMERICA. Printed in England by THE PENGUIN BOOKS PRESS, London, © Edwin Williamson 1992.
 “A FIRST-RATE WORK OF HISTORY”- Independent on Sunday
 Pages 270-271
 Edwin Williamson holds the Chair of Hispanic Studies in the University of Edinburg. Born in 1949, he graduated from Edinburg in 1972 and subsequently held academics posts at Trinity College, Dublin, and Birkbec College, University of London. Professor Eillamson’s research and Publications reflects his interest in both Latin America and the Golden Age of Spain.